What is EMDR?
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, or EMDR, is a powerful new psychotherapy technique which has been very successful in helping people who suffer from trauma, anxiety, panic, disturbing memories, post traumatic stress and many other emotional problems.
What Is EMDR?
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, or EMDR, is a powerful new psychotherapy technique which has been very successful in helping people who suffer from trauma, anxiety, panic, disturbing memories, post traumatic stress and many other emotional problems. Until recently, these conditions were difficult and time-consuming to treat. EMDR is considered a breakthrough therapy because of its simplicity and the fact that it can bring quick and lasting relief for most types of emotional distress.
EMDR is the most effective and rapid method for healing PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) as shown by extensive scientific research studies.
The EMDR therapy uses bilateral stimulation, right/left eye movement, or tactile stimulation, which alternatively activates the right and the left brain hemispheres, releasing emotional experiences that are "trapped" in the nervous system. As troubling images and feelings are processed by the brain via the eye-movement patterns, resolution of the issues and a peaceful state are achieved.
How Does EMDR Work?
At this point thousands of clinicians worldwide have successfully treated millions of people with EMDR therapy. One theory is that the eye movements stimulate the same type of biological connections and beneficial processes created in REM sleep. Research shows that if a person is taught a skill and prevented from entering REM sleep that evening, the skill can be lost. During REM sleep the brain forms appropriate neuronal connections. The memory is processed and shifted to a more adaptive, usable form.
For all of us, unprocessed memories are generally the basis of negative responses, attitudes and behaviors. Processed memories, on the other hand, are the basis of adaptive positive responses, attitudes and behaviors. Changing the memories that form the way we see ourselves also changes the way we view others and life in general. Therefore our relationships, professional life, what we are willing to do or able to resist, they all move in a positive direction.
How Does A EMDR Session Looks Like?
After preparatory work (anamnesis, choosing the memory to be targeted, activating resources, etc.), the therapist asks the client to revisit the disturbing moment or incident, recalling feelings surrounding the experience, as well as any negative thoughts, feelings and memories. The client is not asked to describe the memory in detail or to fully re-experience it, just to mentally make a connection to the disturbing event. The therapist then holds her fingers about forty centimeters from the clients face and begins to move them back and forth like a windshield wiper. The client tracks the movements as if watching ping pong. The more intensely the client focuses on the memory, the easier it becomes for the memory to come to life. As quick and vibrant images arise during the therapy session, they are processed, and, as the disturbing feelings fade away, peaceful, joyful, positive feelings take their place.
During EMDR therapy people remain awake and in full control of their faculties. An EMDR session usually takes about 80 to 90 minutes.
What problems are helped by EMDR?
The studies to date show a high degree of effectiveness with the following conditions: depression, anxiety or panic, phobias, fears, accidents (car accidents, fire, etc.), loos and grief, assault, robbery, sexual abuse, childhood trauma, witness to violence, illness, injury, post traumatic stress, relationship problems, low self esteem, sleeping disturbances, etc.
The EMDR technique is most effective when used in conjunction with other traditional methods of therapy in treating these and many other emotional disorders.
How many sessions will I need and how much does it costs?
Each session lasts about 90 minutes and many people start to see results after the first session. The number of session will demend of the number of unprocessed, disturbing memories. On average each of us has a minimum of 10 disturbing memories, which can be processed. However the goal of therapy, the pace and the speed of the treatment are dictated by the client. A therapy session costs about EUR 80. In case of medical indication for psychotherapy, the costs are partially or totally reimbursed by the national health service.
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